Africa is a vast continent which, including island groups, holds 53 different countries. Africa stretches from temperate areas in the north to those in the south, and is crossed by the equator. The continent is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea and the Suez Canal.

The climate of Africa varies with areas of arid desert to rainforest, to savanna plains and glorious coastal areas. Africa offers numerous cultural experiences, with a diverse cultural history and a dramatic story of colonial occupation to nation state independence. Africa holds a diverse range of wildlife and flora, vibrant cities, and a stunning landscape.

How many countries in Africa?

1Nigeria206,139,589Western Africa
2Ethiopia114,963,588Eastern Africa
3Egypt102,334,404Northern Africa
4DR Congo89,561,403Middle Africa
5Tanzania59,734,218Eastern Africa
6South Africa59,308,690Southern Africa
7Kenya53,771,296Eastern Africa
8Uganda45,741,007Eastern Africa
9Algeria43,851,044Northern Africa
10Sudan43,849,260Northern Africa
11Morocco36,910,560Northern Africa
12Angola32,866,272Middle Africa
13Mozambique31,255,435Eastern Africa
14Ghana31,072,940Western Africa
15Madagascar27,691,018Eastern Africa
16Cameroon26,545,863Middle Africa
17Côte d’Ivoire26,378,274Western Africa
18Niger24,206,644Western Africa
19Burkina Faso20,903,273Western Africa
20Mali20,250,833Western Africa
21Malawi19,129,952Eastern Africa
22Zambia18,383,955Eastern Africa
23Senegal16,743,927Western Africa
24Chad16,425,864Middle Africa
25Somalia15,893,222Eastern Africa
26Zimbabwe14,862,924Eastern Africa
27Guinea13,132,795Western Africa
28Rwanda12,952,218Eastern Africa
29Benin12,123,200Western Africa
30Burundi11,890,784Eastern Africa
31Tunisia11,818,619Northern Africa
32South Sudan11,193,725Eastern Africa
33Togo8,278,724Western Africa
34Sierra Leone7,976,983Western Africa
35Libya6,871,292Northern Africa
36Congo5,518,087Middle Africa
37Liberia5,057,681Western Africa
38Central African Republic4,829,767Middle Africa
39Mauritania4,649,658Western Africa
40Eritrea3,546,421Eastern Africa
41Namibia2,540,905Southern Africa
42Gambia2,416,668Western Africa
43Botswana2,351,627Southern Africa
44Gabon2,225,734Middle Africa
45Lesotho2,142,249Southern Africa
46Guinea-Bissau1,968,001Western Africa
47Equatorial Guinea1,402,985Middle Africa
48Mauritius1,271,768Eastern Africa
49Eswatini1,160,164Southern Africa
50Djibouti988,000Eastern Africa
51Comoros869,601Eastern Africa
52Cabo Verde555,987Western Africa
53Sao Tome & Principe219,159Middle Africa
54Seychelles98,347Eastern Africa